Scholarly Works

Robert's scholarly works have earned him recognition and honors within various academic circles.

The Impact of the Underuse of Digital Games in Social Studies Education

When it comes to digital games-based learning – specifically, regarding the use of digital games in the social sciences – education lags behind other major institutions, including government, business, and medicine. Although researchers, administrators, and educators have made many strides in the application and use of educational technology, advancements concerning digital games have been less consistent over the past 20 years. Thus, the aim of this literature review is to determine the impact of the underuse of digital games in Social Studies education.

Teaching with Technology: Then, Now, and Beyond

Like technology, or perhaps because of it, American society is undeniably moving at breakneck speed... In of itself, technology is a broad term—one that could potentially lead an unwary author and his or her unassuming audience down a figurative rabbit hole of no return... [T]he present inquiry shall be confined to the role of technology in education over the last 30 years—a span of time characterized by the emergence and exponential growth of the Internet, which spurred unprecedented socioeconomic change and educational reform in the United States.

Strategic Human Resource Management in U.S. Marine Corps Aviation

This paper concerns the current role and future of strategic human resource management (SHRM) within Marine aviation—a dedicated element of the United States Marine Corps (USMC) that is widely regarded as the nation’s premier military force in combat readiness. Marine aviation is primarily concerned with meeting the unique combat and support needs of its parent institution across a wide spectrum of theaters and operations.

Phil Sheridan’s War: The Pacification of the American Frontier and Total War in the Trans-Mississippi West

The purpose of this inquiry is two-fold. First, it looks to explore the proximate reasons behind Sheridan’s strategic and tactical victories on the Great Plains. The Division of Missouri commander was forced into an untenable situation. Nevertheless, Lieutenant General Sheridan managed to completely subjugate his foes after suffering some of the most staggering losses in U.S. Army history. This dramatic shift in momentum is attributed to two influential factors: Phil Sheridan’s unique orthodoxy and the specific character of America’s nineteenth-century military establishment. Sheridan utilized the former to circumvent antiquated army doctrine and a defunct national strategy. The latter acted as a counterweight in his struggles against partisan politics and poor economic policies. The Plains Indians, who were “independent political actors in their own right,” additionally influenced the course and outcome of the war.

A Possession for All Time: Thucydides’ Lasting Influence upon Military Thought and Theory

Great thinkers leave their marks but some fade with time. Philosophical and social theories may be in vogue one day and gone the next. All of academia is susceptible to this intellectual instability, including those who study military thought and theory, less the anomaly of Thucydides. Why does the solitary work of one ancient historian from Athens still hold so much influence over modern military studies? For the past two millennia, generations of military historians and theorists derived a series of significant principles and impressions from the writings of Thucydides, a battle-hardened academic who examined the true nature of war, strategy, and the greater human condition.

The Conquest of the Aztec Empire (1519-1521): An Examination of Intercultural Conflict in the New World

Wars are frequently fought for a variety of obvious reasons that correlate directly to armed conflict. Other more elusive concepts, however, also lead to war. Among these are the numerous cultural differences that frequently divide societies. What one civilization considers a barbaric tradition, for instance, may be an important social practice of another. Nowhere was this more apparent than in the establishment of the New World. The Spanish conquest of Mexico may be a familiar story, but one in which cultural conflicts resulted in unprecedented violence and destruction. An examination of this struggle reveals a great deal about the participants but, perhaps even more importantly, tells us something about ourselves. While important evidence may be uncovered through exhaustive academic research, it is ultimately cultural beliefs and perceptions that shape many popular views of history.

The Trojan War: A Historiographical Case Study

Although Herodotus was not a native Athenian, his historical studies significantly contributed to the collective social memory of what would one day become greater Greek culture. He traveled extensively across the Mediterranean and compiled a number of elaborate works during his lifetime. He never dedicated an entire volume solely to the Trojan War and identified some of the stories as fiction, but nonetheless cited several accounts of the conflict in many of his studies. Some of his narratives, such as the extensive Histories, often make reference to specific characters or events associated with the siege of Troy or the Trojan War.

Analyzing Historical Theories and Methods: Greg Woolf’s “Tales of the Barbarians: Ethnography and Empire in the Roman West”

The methods and theories employed to research, analyze, and argue historical assessments are often as varied as their targets of study. The twentieth century, in particular, led to a great deal of historiographical innovations which have influenced the very nature of the modern historian’s occupation. Greg Woolf’s Tales of the Barbarians takes no exception to this observation. While his work makes extensive use of many historical theories, three in particular (ethnohistory, post-colonial history, and world history) constitute the bulk of his study. Although trace elements of virtually every body of twentieth-century historical methods may be detected and dissected within the pages of his book, attention shall only be given to the three aforementioned disciplines at work. Expanding on the plausibility of all contemporary influences would prove to be impractical within the assigned confines and scope of this particular case study.

Cities and Civilizations: Examining the Historical Impact of Urbanization on Humanity

Three major cultural revolutions have occurred in the entire breadth of human existence. Each of these milestones had a direct impact on the creation and development of what we now refer to as the modern-day city. Although the earliest traces of homo erectus go back millions of years, the first revolution did not occur until approximately 10,000-6000 B.C. The Agricultural Revolution marked a significant leap forward in human development. Domestication of animals and crops allowed ancient nomads to develop and refine agrarian lifestyles. Combined with the implementation of more sophisticated tools and skills, this eventually led to the creation of the first permanent human settlements in the Middle East, Northern Africa, and South Asia.

Aerospace Law Case Study: GIDEON v. WAINWRIGHT 372 U.S. 335 (1963)

This very issue had arisen more than once in the past (Betts v. Brady, Powell v. Alabama) and the precedent of each case weighed heavily upon the final decision of the Court. The Court ultimately decided (while taking into consideration other amendments besides the Sixth and Fourteenth Amendments) that certain rights outlined in the Constitution are of a “fundamental nature” and should not be subject to the invasion of state law.
Robert Ranstadler, M.A., M.Ed.

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